Range of Motion

Range of Motion: Anatomical vs Physiological Anatomical Range of Motion (AROM) Anatomical Range of Motion refers to the maximum possible movement around a joint, as determined by the physical limitations of the anatomy. This includes the physical limitations imposed by the shapes and lengths of the bones, the constraints imposed by ligaments and tendons, and the arrangement of the surrounding muscles and tissues. This is typically the measure you’d see in an anatomy textbook and represents the theoretical maximum that a joint could move under ideal circumstances. Physiological Range of Motion (PROM) Physiological Range of Motion refers to the range Read More

Acromioclavicular Joint Injuries

Grades of Injury to the Acromioclavicular Joint The acromioclavicular (AC) joint is a small joint located at the top of the shoulder where the clavicle (collarbone) meets the acromion process of the scapula (shoulder blade). Injuries to this joint are common, particularly in contact sports or after falling on an outstretched arm. AC joint injuries are classified into six grades, based on the severity of the injury and the extent of damage to the joint and surrounding structures. Grade 1: Sprain of the AC jointIn a Grade 1 injury, the AC joint ligaments are stretched or partially torn, but the Read More

Dry Needling and Acupuncture

Comparison: Dry Needling and Acupuncture Dry Needling vs. Acupuncture Dry needling and acupuncture are both therapeutic modalities that involve the insertion of thin needles into specific points on the body to alleviate pain, promote healing, and improve overall well-being. While there are similarities between the two practices, they differ in terms of their underlying theories, philosophies, and applications. Dry Needling Theoretical basis: Dry needling is primarily based on Western medical principles, particularly the understanding of the neuromuscular system and trigger points. It focuses on the treatment of musculoskeletal pain and dysfunction. Trigger points: Dry needling targets myofascial trigger points, which Read More

Hip Labral Tears

Hip Labral Tear Conservative Treatment Exercises Conservative Treatment for Hip Labral Tears Conservative treatment for a hip labral tear typically focuses on reducing pain, improving hip function, and preventing further injury. It’s important to consult with a healthcare professional or physical therapist for a personalized treatment plan, as individual cases may vary. However, some common exercises and techniques used in conservative treatment for hip labral tears include: Range of motion exercises: Gentle stretching and mobility exercises can help improve flexibility and reduce pain in the hip joint. Examples include hip circles, ankle pumps, and knee-to-chest stretches. Strengthening exercises: Strengthening the Read More